Saturday, July 21, 2018

BLACK LOVEBIRD - Fascinating Facts and Care Tips For Black Lovebirds

Agapornis nigrigenis - head and shoulders.jpg
 Black-cheeked Lovebird - "Agapornis nigrigenis - head and shoulders" by Simon Redwood  - Licensed via Wikimedia Commons.
There are 3 sorts of Black Lovebird, the Black-cheeked Lovebird, the Black-Masked Lovebird and the Black-collared Lovebird. They're labelled as Black Lovebirds for their different traits.

One of these Black Lovebirds is the Black-cheeked Lovebird it is especially green and has a brown head, red beak, and white eye rings. It is commonly regarded as a race of Lilian's Lovebird. This species of Black Lovebird is found in a comparatively small range of Zambia and is exposed to habitat loss.

Adults of this kind of Black Lovebird have bright red beaks, while minors of the species are similar but with a more orange bill. They are loud, which are similar to those of other Lovebirds. The Black-cheeked kind of Black Lovebird inhabits in deciduous woodland as it desires daily access to water. It is where the surface water exists and with permanent supply. It is listed as an exposed species of Black Lovebird since it's got a tiny population which is declining due to continuing habitat loss, especially due to gentle dehydration of the water bodies.

This kind of Black Lovebird which is the Black-Masked Lovebird has an overall black head and the true feather colour is green with a yellow collar. Another consistent characteristic of the Black-Masked bird is its white ring around both eyes. They can be discovered on inland plateaus in northwest Tanzania, where they dwell in light brushwood and trees.

Friendly and companionable naturally, Black-Masked, Black Lovebird is one of the most well-liked Black Lovebird that's kept as pets. They're commonly kept in captivity as a couple and give much attention to their partner. They usually breed between 10 months and 5 to six years, at this time they can produce many clutches in the year. In purchasing a Black-Masked ensure they're young birds. This kind of Black Lovebird can be simply recognized by a giant dark patch on the higher beak, which isn't as bright as the red beak of the older ones.

Through the years, many colour mutations have been made from this kind of Lovebird and Black-Masked is now available in many colours. Traditionally, they've been fed only seed mixes, while they can survive for an extended time period on such a diet, they fall into poor health. They shell their seeds so vitamins added to the outside are dropped.

Also, they are straightforward to reproduce species. They are frequently in a rush to start with another clutch that it may result in abuse to the chicks by pushing them out of the nest. Chicks should be removed and hand-fed.



Another sort of Lovebird is the Black-collared Lovebird or sometimes called Swindern's Lovebird. A tiny long parrot, local in Africa, this kind of Lovebird is generally green with a black collar or band at the rear of its neck. It is infrequently kept in captivity due to its dietary need for a local fig, so they do not breed well. Without this urgent diet requirement, they're going to die inside a few days.

There are 3 subspecies of this kind of Lovebird. It is distributed in a large range in equatorial Africa. They hide high in the forest shade and are characterized as being awfully shy. The range is huge that the population of this sort of Black Lovebird is tough to guess but it was made certain that it isn't under significant threat.



Friday, July 20, 2018

How To Give Your COCKATOO A Balanced Diet

Coy Cockatoo
Coy Cockatoo - Photo   by               I’m George   (cc)
In the wild, Cockatoos eat whatever they find. For this reason, you should include a variety of things in their diet to stay as close to their natural diet as possible. On the other hand, your cockatoo can eat most of the things that you eat.

They mainly feed on seeds, berries, fruits, nuts, and flowers. Sometimes, they can thrive on the basic diet of seeds and pellets alone. They don't require any particular food but need "particular nutrients". You should add more vegetables and fruits to your cockatoo's diet. These are sources of additional nutrition.

The growth of your cockatoo depends on nutrition. Apart from that, reproduction, temperament and longevity also depend on nutrition. So, a well-balanced diet becomes very essential to mold a lovable, healthy and a life-long companion.


To put it briefly, a cockatoo's "balanced diet" should have equal shares of pellets, seeds, and vegetables with a small number of fruits, nuts, proteins, cooked rice, bean mixture, and table food like cheese, corn, cereal, pasta, meat etc. It should have it all (that's why I said they can eat most of the things that you eat!).

Pellets

Pellets can make as much as 60% of your cockatoo's food. In fact, some cockatoos thrive on a pellet diet. You should keep pellets in their food dish all day and night. Pellets are a must as they provide your bird with a balanced diet.

Seeds

Most cockatoos favor seeds of the Eucalyptus tree, Casuarinas, Native trees and Marri seeds. Apart from these they also eat bull banksias seeds and occasionally feed on Angophoras, Hakeas, Acacias and fruit seeds (fruit seeds are toxic to some cockatoos, so make sure your new pet is not in that list before you feed it with fruit seeds). If the bird is fed only a seed diet on a daily basis, it will lead to a deficiency in vitamins. So, a supplement of vitamins may be necessary in that case.

A Healthy Mixed Diet

A healthy mixed diet has it all...25% vitamin enriched seed mix, 25% pellets, 25% vegetables, dark leafy greens and fruits, 15% cooked rice, corn, and bean mixture, 10% table food, cereal, bread, pasta, cheese, meat etc.

Vegetables

Vegetables to be fed can be green, dark green, orange, yellow or meaty. Fresh vegetables provide the additional nutrition your cockatoo needs. So, encourage your cockatoo to eat
vegetables. Some of those that fall under this category are carrots, sweet potatoes, beets, broccoli, greens, green peppers, asparagus, ripe tomatoes, spinach etc.

Fruits

Some of the cockatoo owners-to-be have this general query. 'Do cockatoos eat fruits and how to make the bird eat fruits?' Fruits provide the natural supplements to your cockatoo. So, it would be a good idea to introduce fruits to your new pet. Initially, it may reject it, but later it will start eating fruits. Some of the favored fruits are apples, pears, peaches, pomegranate, bananas, berries, plums, oranges, kiwi, citrus, pomegranate, grapes, raisins etc.



Nuts

Cockatoos prefer nuts to fruits. Because of this, some nuts make ideal treats. They can crack hard nuts and should be encouraged to do so. If given whole nuts, they love to crack open the shell to extract the seed. Their beaks are specially adapted for this function and it could also be a form of entertainment.

Water

Water is equally important as food. The bird should drink water on a daily basis. Fresh water should be in the cage at all times.

Proteins

As I said earlier, it's important that the bird gets all the necessary nutrients. And proteins are an important supplement that aid growth. The bird can be provided with food high in proteins such as legumes, cooked eggs, and grated cheese. Sprouts, ripe tomatoes, cooked beans, spinach are some of the other sources. They can also be fed with freshly cooked lean beef, chicken or fish in small quantities. Occasionally, they can be given cooked meat bones.

Vitamins and Minerals

If the bird's diet has a variety of all the nutrients, then a supplement of vitamins and minerals is not required. As a matter of fact, it is better to consult an avian vet before giving the bird vitamin supplements because an overdose of vitamins and minerals will do more harm than good.

Now having known all that you can give your cockatoo, let's also keep ourselves informed as to what should be avoided.

AVOID:

Don't feed your cockatoo alcohol, parsley, and avocados (as they are toxic to cockatoos). Seeds high in sunflower and safflower should be avoided as these are very fatty. Keep your bird away from chocolates and caffeine. Iceberg lettuce and cabbage can cause diarrhea in your pet. Other foods to be avoided are seasoned meat or fatty processed meats. All these can cause your pet serious health problems.

Other important tips

Keep in mind that just providing them with food isn't sufficient but you have to make sure that they're eating what is given to them.

Too much milk shouldn't be included in the diet as some cockatoos are lactose intolerant and could get diarrhea. You can give them tofu, low-fat cottage and hard cheeses and non-fat yogurt in small quantities.

If you aren't including pellets/vitamin/mineral supplements in their diet, you should sprinkle a powdered bird vitamin/mineral supplement to their food once a week. This would avoid deficiencies. Although a calcium block and a mineral block should normally serve this purpose, these birds are famous for destroying the blocks.

Don't let fruits and vegetables stay in the cage for more than two hours.

Do not give them nuts and peanuts often, as these are very high in fat and can make your pet obese if overfed. Dry food can be left for no more than a day.

Always store nuts in a secure bin that will keep the contents dry and safe from rodents. Rodent excreta can transmit diseases like Salmonellosis.

Clean the food and water bowls kept inside the cage thoroughly every day. Disinfect them with bleach (and wash off thoroughly) every week.

Some cockatoos have the tendency to become overweight so you need to monitor their food and diet properly. Stick to a low-fat diet and include a variety of greens. Don't increase the volume as overfeeding will make them picky and they will also waste the food.

Cockatoos are famous for tipping over their bowls. Usage of heavy-bottomed feed and water bowls serve the purpose just fine.

With all these tips, I believe you have all the important information on how to provide your pet with the best diet.



Thursday, July 19, 2018

Advantages Of BIRD NETTING

A vineyard with bird-netting.
A vineyard with bird-netting. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Birds are one of the top problems of the agricultural production in the country. Not only do birds interrupt crops, they can also ruin your garden, the school’s playground, the parking lot in your work, and many more locations where birds exist.

There are many products that could help you with your problem. There are a number of pesticides and other machinery that could be used to prevent pest birds. But there are also many good birds that do not cause damage, and may even help to pollinate your crops and garden or control smaller pests such as bugs. What, therefore, is the safest way to control the population of problem birds without interfering with the populations of the good birds? Bird netting is your answer. 

Bird netting has many advantages, such as - 

1. Health Issues

There have been studies that birds could give illnesses when droppings get in contact with people’s skin. Pigeons, for example, carry infectious diseases. These pigeons could give people tuberculosis, flu, paratyphoid, Lyme-disease, Toxoplasmosis, and Encephalitis. By making sure that these pigeons do not spread their diseases, bird netting could put an end to your health worrying. 

2. Protecting Plantation

Most birds tend to peck on your fruits, vegetables, and plants because they know that these are food. Do not underestimate the birds. Protect your plantation with bird netting, so your plants are fenced safely away from their prying beaks. 

3. Save The Birds

The best advantage bird netting has is it is environmentally friendly. By making use of bird netting to protect your property, you are not killing the birds. You are simply covering up the location with a net for the birds to stay away. Unlike other methods of pest control, bird netting does not harm the birds. Pesticides and aroma repellants terminate the birds permanently. Plus, there are laws regarding the harming of birds like robins and blackbirds. Using bird netting, you are abiding by the law!

4. Bird netting is versatile

- Large spaces such as buildings parks, and plantations
- Small spaces like the backyard or a rose garden
- Agricultural farms and plants
- An impressive variety of bird netting products
- A single bird net can be used for as long as ten years
- Variety of colors
- Variety of materials available (usually polyethylene strings or steel, to withstand extreme weather conditions)
- Prices of bird netting range from $150 to $8000 dollars



Bird netting is the smartest and most affordable way to repel birds on your area. One final note - be aware that an absence of birds may cause your garden to be a safe haven for bugs and other smaller pests that would otherwise have been controlled had the birds have access to the area. Bird netting does not 100% guarantee the livelihood of your protected area.


Tuesday, July 17, 2018

Frequency Needed To Clean The COOP

English: Chicken coop and run by Oakdene Coops
Chicken coop and run by Oakdene Coops (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
While chickens may be "simple" animals, they still like to feel comfortable and part of that comfort involves keeping your chicken coop clean. A tidy house for your fowl will not only make for happier, more productive chickens but will help fight against the disease, flies, and vermin. Chicken can be messy so how often you have to clean the coop depends on how fussy your chickens are.

It's a good idea to keep an eye on the coop as often as possible. At the very least, you should check on the condition of the housing every day. This doesn't mean cleaning on a daily basis but make sure your chickens are well fed and hydrated. Most chickens poop during the evening so you should clean this out each morning. The nice thing is you can recycle chicken poop by adding it to the soil to help provide nutrients for growing vegetables.

Each week you may be required to change the bedding of the nesting boxes. Recycling old bedding is convenient and efficient and is encouraged. The watering devices to keep your chickens hydrated should be cleaned at least once per month to ensure safety and combat potential illness and spread of disease.

At least twice per year, you should do a full coop clean out. Replacing the topsoil with fresh soil after cleaning the poop and any built-up dirt will make your chickens happier. Scrub down all doors and windows and keep the overall area nice and clean.

The main thing to remember is that by keeping a clean coop, you not only provide a safer, healthier environment for your chickens but they'll be happier and more productive in the process.


Monday, July 16, 2018

Fact Sheet: BALI MYNAH - Leucopsar rothschildi

(Original Title: Rainforest Birds - Bali Mynah)
Bali Mynah
Bali Mynah - Photo by jonkriz 
Bird Name:
Bali Mynah

Latin Name:
Leucopsar rothschildi

Status:
Critically endangered, Appendix I of CITIES

Scientific Classification:
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Sturnidae
Genus: Leucopsar
Species: L. rothschildi

General Information:
The Bali Mynah is also known as the Bali Starling or Rothschild's Mynah. They are endemic to the island of Bali in Indonesia and are the only surviving species. The species is critically endangered and there are only a dozen or two individuals remaining in the wild. The remaining population is under threat due to illegal bird trade and urbanization of the island. While the wild population has been struggling for years, there are a large number of captive birds in zoos. It is also listed in Appendix I of CITIES.

The Bali Mynahs are very vocal and communicate by whistling, squawking and bobbing their heads. They are the fauna symbol of Bali and locally are called kedis putih meaning white bird.

Physical Description:
This is a medium-sized stocky mynah, up to 25 cm in length. It is almost wholly white and has a long drooping crest. Black tips occur on the tail and wings. The Bali Mynah shows distinctive bare, blue skin around the eyes. It has gray legs and feet and a yellow bill. Sexes are similar. They weigh 90 to 100 gm.

Diet:
The Bali Mynahs eat fruit, seeds, and a variety of invertebrates. In dry seasons they will feed in groups.



Habitat:
Bali Mynahs will live in small groups in the forested region of Bali. Groups help them protect themselves from their predators, including snakes, lizards, monkeys, and birds of prey. Nests are built in tree cavities. It takes about two weeks for the pair to construct the nest from bark, leaves, and grass.

Reproduction:
In the wild, breeding season is in the rainy season which falls between November and April. A pair will produce two to three clutches per season. Clutch size is usually 3 eggs and incubation takes 13 to 14 days. The bluish-green eggs are incubated by both parents. The young Bali Mynahs will fledge in 15 to 25 days, but continue to be fed by both parents for a few weeks.